The prevalence of overweight and obesity is rising globally among adults. Obese adults are at significant risk of increased blood pressure, cholesterol, triglycerides, and insulin resistance, as well as increased risk of non-communicable diseases such as coronary heart disease, ischemic stroke, and type-2 diabetes mellitus.
Weight loss surgery, also known as bariatric surgery, should be considered as a last-resort procedure if all traditional methods of dieting, exercise, and medication have proven to be ineffective. Patients considering this procedure should be aware of the risks and benefits of bariatric surgery.
What is morbid obesity?
Overweight and obesity are different health conditions. The Body Mass Index (BMI) is considered to be a suitable measure to evaluate whether a person is overweight or obese. There are several criteria for defining morbid obesity. You are likely to be morbidly obese if you are:
- More than 100 Ibs (or about 45 kilogram) over your ideal body weight
- Your BMI is 40 or greater
- Have a BMI greater than 35 and are experiencing health problems such as high blood pressure or diabetes
- Unable to lose wright for a sustained period of time despite medically supervised dieting
Your BMI Score Your Weight Group
8.0 to 24.9 Ideal Weight
25.0 to 29.9 Over Weight
30.0 to 34.0 Moderate Obesity (Class I)
35.0 to 39.9 Severe Obesity (Class II)
40.0 to 49.9 Morbid Obesity (Class III)
50 +++ Super Obesity
The benefits of weight loss surgery include the following:
- Weight loss. Shortly after the procedure, patients and our physicians agree on a diet program. Patients may lose up to 60 percent of their excess weight 6 months after weight loss surgery, if they avoid interrupting their diet program. About one and a half year after the procedure, the patient should lose about 80 percent of all excess weight.
- Significant improvements in health. Obesity related medical conditions usually improve or even disappear including cardiovascular risks, diabetes, severe arthritis, obstructive sleep apnea, and high-blood pressure.
- Improved quality of life and life expectancy. Many patients report that their quality of life improved after weight loss surgery. Some studies suggest that people live longer after weight loss surgery.
Are you eligible for weight loss surgery?
Weight loss surgery may be right for you if:
- Your body mass index is over 40 kg/m2 or over 35 kg/m2 with significant obesity-related co-morbidities
- You have not been able to lose weight through traditional methods like dieting and exercise
- You are 18 years old or older
- Your operative risks are acceptable
- You are psychologically stable with realistic expectations
- You are well informed about the risks and benefits associated with the bariatric surgery.